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Treaties Recognition Week

Nov 06, 2023

In 2016, Ontario passed the first legislation of its kind in Canada declaring the first full week of November as Treaties Recognition Week.

This annual event honours the importance of treaties and helps students and residents of Ontario learn more about treaty rights and relationships. By learning more about our collective treaty rights and obligations, we can create greater understanding and nurture relationships between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples.

Treaties Recognition Week represents one of many steps on Ontario’s journey of healing and reconciliation with Indigenous peoples. The week was launched in response to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action to increase treaty awareness and to learn why treaties matter.

Treaties Recognition Week / Semaine de reconnaissance des traités
by Daniel_Library

Marked annually in Ontario during the first week of November, Treaties Recognition Week offers the opportunity to delve deeper into resources that speak to the past, present and future of nation-to-nation relations, land tenure and claims, and Indigenous life and law in the province and beyond.

  • The Right Relationship

    The Right Relationship

    Reimagining the Implementation of Historical Treaties

    Noted Indigenous legal scholar John Borrows and Michael Coyle convene an in-depth roundtable on treaty relationships, law, and nation-to-nation relations in the 21st century Canadian context
  • Life Against States of Emergency

    Life Against States of Emergency

    Revitalizing Treaty Relations From Attawapiskat

    By Wiebe, Sarah Marie
    "Life against States of Emergency responds to the central question that Theresa Spence asked the Canadian public to consider: What does it mean to be in a treaty relationship today? Arguing that treaties are matters of environmental justice, Sarah Marie Wiebe offers a nuanced discussion of the political environment in which Attawapiskat suffered repeated state-of-emergency declarations amid a climate of normalized state-sanctioned violence. Her analysis documents the slow emergency resulting from the breakdown of treaty relations."
  • Treaty Words

    Treaty Words

    For as Long as the Rivers Flow

    By Craft, Aimée
    Helping children better understand Indigenous peoples' relationship to treaties and the land
  • Reclaiming Anishinaabe Law

    Reclaiming Anishinaabe Law

    Kinamaadiwin Inaakonigewin and the Treaty Right to Education

    By Baskatawang, Leo
    Considering the history and future of Treaty #3 (in Ontario/Manitoba) and its relation to Anishinaabe life, law, education, and the legacy of residential schools.
  • Beyond Rights

    Beyond Rights

    The Nisga'a Final Agreement and the Challenges of Modern Treaty Relationships

    By Blackburn, Carole
    "Beyond Rights analyzes both the potential and the limits of treaty making as a way to address historical injustice and achieve contemporary legal recognition."
  • Treaty #

    Treaty #

    By Ruffo, Armand Garnet
    Poems that use Indigenous life and the treaty relationship to reflect on person-to-person, nation-to-nation, and human-to-nature obligations.
  • No Surrender

    No Surrender

    The Land Remains Indigenous

    By Krasowski, Sheldon
    The author looks at the negotiation and subsequent implementation of Treaties One through Seven, arguing that, rather than "cultural misunderstandings" leading to the resultant inequalities, the Canadian government entered into treaty discussions with an aim to deceive.
  • Gdoo-Sastamoo Kii Mi: understanding our nation-to-nation relationship

    A resource for secondary school students to better understand the treaty relations, developed by the Anishinabek Nation
  • Treaty No. 9

    Treaty No. 9

    Making the Agreement to Share the Land in Far Northern Ontario in 1905

    By Long, John